The Impact of Technology in the Classroom
How has the use of technology impacted teaching and studying in the PK-16 classroom?
When is comes to behaviorism technology has made it even easier. It used to be just like Pavlov's dog, when the student does something right they get praised verbally or with a fine grade versus a treat or a scratch in the back of the ear. Shaping behavior is essential and we should ensure there is a baseline. Technology pretty much guarantees that specific studying will take place as the objectives are determined by the teacher. Teachers can set specific aims and the students will know what they should do to get there. Benjamin Bloom first came up with the idea that the student will be winning in studying the task if they are given a selected time to do it. Technology allows for you to more easily chunk lessons into specific times. Students will perform better, specially when they be winning and get the praise of the teacher. Although the stimulus is provided by the teacher, this will likely do no good if the students do not receive it equally. (Snowman & Biehler, 2003)
Other ways computer systems aid is that they offer the ability for repetition and comments to the student. Teachers may additionally incorporate the acceptable enforcer's to the lesson whether it's text, video or audio. The student does the task right they can get a smiley face , text telling them they are "Correct" or audio saying "Good Job!". (Parkay & Stanford 2004)
Social Learning is studying occurs when students learn from each other whether it be through modeling, imitation or watching within the social context. How are you ready to do this with technology? Normally the students work on their own computer, but you can have them do a collection project. When students do a project together they're going to notice how other groups are proceeding and imitate them if it's working well. The teacher most likely also models what they are requiring the students to accomplish. Even when working individually the students will aid each other as one knows more than another.
There are cognitive factors in social studying further behaviorism. There is a clear line between studying by observation and student imitation. The cognitive process maintains that the attention of the student is the vital factor in the studying process. The expectations and consequences that are reinforced will bring about similar destiny behavior. (Ornstien & Lasley 2000)
Cognitive studying is studying that happens when a learner process instruction. This is similar to behaviorism but the student has more input to accomplish how they reach the planned outcome. The teacher can variation a project but the student may have other instruction that will aid them in engaging in the outcome. An example would be how I suggested my students how to set up an Excel spreadsheet. I had them set up a fundamental spreadsheet showing how much their parents spent on them in a month. This was relevant to the students and caught their pastime. They went beyond the preliminary project and had boarders, colors, and the like. on their spreadsheets. The students who did this were praised aloud and the other students wanted to know what they did and how. This tied in the social studying further the behaviorism theory (Didn't even realize it at the time).
When is comes to designing and installation lessons to include technology the constructionist have the nod. Seymour Papert of the MIT Media Lab said,
"Constructionism holds that kids learn most potent when they are in the animated role of the designer and constructor." When the student is actively involved they have the buy-in to the success of the project or assignment. The students will be more apt to complete and learn more from it when they have some ownership. The students in turn will share their new found instruction when doing the assignment with the other students allowing for the constructionist studying. This form of training eliminates the grade and is going more with a go, no go process. Teachers assess the students by the completion of the assignment or lack of completion. This is better as a result of students being capable of play a greater role in the method and assessing their own progress.
We teach ourselves how to learn. This is the constructivism theory on how we learn. With technology this couldn't be truer. Most students have a fundamental information of the computer. They can download songs, play games and set up Myspace web page. What they can't do is build a spreadsheet or power point presentation. The teacher will give them a fundamental information but the students will learn from trial and mistake and construct their own studying.
History of the computer use in the classroom started off slow. Saloman and Globerson (1987) endorsed that underachievement in schools is as a result of the lower expectations on the section of the teachers, parents, and society. That was because the teachers themselves exceptionally hadn't been exposed to the marvels of what a computer and the related software could do for them. The Commodore sixty four, Apple II besides the Macintosh began their strong emergence in the early 80's. Software programmers had a vision about the computer and the way it'll be used in the classroom. They developed software that teachers could use besides their instruction. Apple began teaching the teachers and Macintosh soon followed match. This was the starting up of incorporating the use of computer systems in the classroom. (Jonassen 2000)
Using computer systems in the classroom allows for all the studying theories to come to fruition. A computer allows for the cognitive process to bloom and brings about the social studying as well. When a student is given an assignment or project on the computer they're going to strive to complete it. The different things they learn they're going to share with other students specially if they think it's the bomb, cool or whack. On the flip side it can inhibit studying if the student is totally computer illiterate as frustration sets in as they cannot proceed further others. The computer also allows the teacher to develop lessons for all the multiple intelligences.
With the advances computer systems and programs are taking on a daily basis, it's allowing for more interaction in the classroom(s). It is even allowing students from different schools to engage. Technology also allows for time to be better utilized, the outcomes of the objectives to be more easily determined and aims easy to implement and automate.